St Margaret'sC of E Primary School

Curriculum  »  Maths  »  Year 1

Year 1 Maths End Points


Based on the 2014 National Curriculum in England, Year 1 students should achieve specific mathematical competencies by the end of the academic year. Below are detailed key endpoints that outline these competencies:

1. Number Sense and Place Value

  • Understand and use numbers up to 100.
  • Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number.
  • Count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens.
  • Given a number, identify one more and one less.

2. Number Operations and Fractions

  • Represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20.
  • Add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zero.
  • Solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems.
  • Recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.
  • Recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.

3. Multiplication and Division Awareness

  • Solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher.

4. Measurement Understanding

  • **Compare, describe and solve practical problems for:
    • Lengths and heights (e.g., long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half).**
    • Mass/weight (e.g., heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than).
    • Capacity and volume (e.g., full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter).
    • Time (hours, minutes, seconds).
  • **Measure and begin to record the following:
    • Lengths and heights.**
    • Mass/weight.
    • Capacity and volume.
    • Time (hours, minutes).

5. Geometry: Properties of Shapes

  • Recognise and name common 2-D shapes including rectangles, squares, circles and triangles.
  • Recognise and name common 3-D shapes including cuboids, cubes, pyramids and spheres.

6. Geometry: Position, Direction, Motion

  • Describe position, direction and movement, including whole, half, quarter and three-quarter turns.

These endpoints ensure that Year 1 students build a firm foundation in key mathematical concepts, which will support their progression through the National Curriculum in subsequent years. Achievement of these endpoints should be supported through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems, which should involve both concrete objects and abstract representations.